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    Steps to a sustainable future

    Steps towards a Sustainable Future

    NO / reduce

    YES / increase

    POPULATION

    ·
    uncontrolled growth

    ·
    stabilise and reduce by humane methods

    ·
    education & family planning

    ·
    availability of contraceptives

    ENERGY

    o       coal

    o       natural gas

    o       nuclear power

    o       wood

    o       bio-ethanol

    o       biodiesel (using arable land or
    food crops)

    o       tidal power (when damaging
    estuaries)

    o       hydrogen produced from fossil
    fuels

    ·
    solar

    ·
    wind

    ·
    wave

    ·
    geothermal

    ·
    biodiesel (from algae, localised, where sufficient water available,
    not using arable land)

    ·
    hydrogen storage of electrical energy (including fuel cells)

    ·
    increased efficiency

    ·
    ‘electranet’ with smart technology to regulate electricity use

    ·
    reduced distribution distances

    TRANSPORT

    ·
    dominance of road vehicles

    ·
    more fuel-efficient petrol & diesel cars

    ·
    hydrogen fueled cars

    ·
    air travel

    ·
    coal and oil-powered railways

    ·
    cycling

    ·
    walking

    ·
    fewer cars

    ·
    electric rail (heavy & light)

    ·
    electric road vehicles (limited)

    ·
    home deliveries

    ·
    telecommuting

    ECONOMY

    ·
    growth economy

    ·
    globalisation (of goods trade)

    ·
    over-specialisation

    ·
    intra-industry trade

    ·
    capital-intensive

    ·
    planned obsolescence

    ·
    linear production processes

    ·
    throw-away economy

    ·
    poverty & inequality

    ·
    sustainable economy

    ·
    localisation (of goods trade)

    ·
    self-sufficiency (where possible)

    ·
    labour-intensive

    ·
    mass production of most efficient and durable models

    ·
    zero waste

    ·
    cyclical production & consumption processes

    ·
    reduction, re-use & recycling of materials

    ·
    reduced packaging

    ·
    more equitable distribution of income & wealth

    ·
    equality of opportunity

    AGRICULTURE

    ·
    fossil fueled

    ·
    large-scale

    ·
    capital intensive

    ·
    mono-crop

    ·
    irrigation-intensive

    ·
    organic & permaculture

    ·
    small-scale

    ·
    labour-intensive

    ·
    biodiesel-powered

    ·
    rural & urban

    ·
    drip irrigated

    URBAN PLANNING & ARCHITECTURE

    ·
    suburban sprawl

    ·
    low-density housing

    ·
    energy inefficient

    ·
    poorly insulated

    ·
    car-dependent

    ·
    community-based

    ·
    mixed land-use zoning (agricultural, residential, commercial,
    community services)

    ·
    suitable for cycling and walking

    ·
    densification along existing railways

    ·
    warehouses close to railways

    ·
    worker residences close to factories

    ·
    energy efficient, well-insulated buildings

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